PAAN / BETEL QUID WITH TOBACCO:
Ingredients – Betel leaf, areca nut, slaked lime, catechu and other flavouring agents such as menthol, camphor, sugar, rosewater, aniseed, cardamom, clove, mint, spices.
Mode of Use – Placed in the mouth and chewed.
Used in – Used in Central, East, South and South-East Asia, in the western pacific and in the migrant communities from these regions. Used in all the Indian states.
Prevalence – More common in the rural areas, women in the older age.
Ingredients – Sun-dried or fermented coarsely cut tobacco leaves mixed with slaked lime.
Mode of Use – Placed in the mouth between the gums and cheeks and sucked slowly for 10 – 15 minutes. Occasionally, left overnight in the mouth.
Used in – India – Delhi, Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam.
Prevalence -Most popular Smokeless Tobacco product in India. More common in men than women. In Mizoram, Khaini use is higher among women.
Ingredients – Areca nut, slaked lime, catechu and sun-dried, roasted, finely chopped tobacco with flavorings and sweeteners.
Mode of Use – Held in the mouth, sucked and chewed.
Used in – India, use is common in all states.
Prevalence – More common among men in most of the states in India. In Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland it is used more common among women than men.
Ingredients –Flavoured chewing tobacco flakes mixed with aromatic spices, menthol, herbs, fragrances, saffron, raw kiwam, silver flakes and sandalwood oil. Lime is provided separately by the manufactures. When flavoured with saffron it is called “ZafraniZarda”.
Mode of Use –Used in betel quid, chewed alone or mixed with lime or areca nut.
Used in – India
Prevalence –Used by men and women of middle and upper socioeconomic groups.
Mode of Use –Applied on teeth and gums as dentifrice.
Used in – India – Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Jharkhand, Bihar and Orissa as well as in the eight North-Eastern states of India.
Prevalence –More common in women than men.
LOOSE LEAF / SADA PATA / CHADHA / TOBACCO LEAF:
Ingredients –Air cured loose tobacco leaf used for chewing as well as for smoking.
Mode of Use –Either chewed or held in the mouth. Added as an ingredient in betel quid.
Used in – India
Prevalence –Used among the low-socioeconomic people in rural and urban population.
Mode of Use –Applied to the gums using a finger, used as a dentifrice.
Used in – Gujarat and adjoining areas in Maharashtra.
Prevalence –Morecommon among women and low socioeconomic group.
Mode of Use –Held in the mouth, sucked and chewed.
Used in – Maharashtra.
Prevalence –Commonly used among the adolescent males in Wardha district and Mumbai
CHEWING TOBACCO PLAIN / TAMBAKOO:
Mode of Use – Used for chewing or sucking.
Used in – Used all over India.
Mode of Use –Placed in the mouth and chewed for 10 – 20 minutes.
Used in – Gujarat and adjoining areas in Maharashtra..
Prevalence –Common among young men.
Data Source : http://untobaccocontrol.org/kh/smokeless-tobacco/